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Operations and quality control
The Operations and Quality Control Department is linked to the organizational and administrative structure of the Mine Action Department. The Operations and Quality Control Department consists of five divisions, which are:
1- Clearance Divisions.
2- Survey Division.
3- Quality Assurance Division (QA).
4- Quality Control Division (QC).
5- Standards Division.
The Operations and Quality Control Department provides support, backing and technical advice to the executive centers belonging to the DMA Department.
There are tasks and duties for each Division of Operations and Quality Control Department as follows:
1- Clearance Division is greatly affected by minefields, war remnants, cluster bombs, and battlefields that generated large areas of land, which were an obstacle to the return of population to their areas after the end of conflicts, as well as obstruction and delay in development projects that must be witnessed in these lands. Hence, the duties of the division are to carry out the work of cleansing and removing mines and war remnants of polluted and dangerous lands registered in the database of the Mine Action Department and handing them over to their owners (the beneficiaries) and in accordance with national standards. The implementation of these works is with the partners of the Iraqi Mine Action Program represented by (governmental agencies, local organizations and international and for-profit companies (and depending on the means of removal) the means of manual removal to clear mines and cluster bombs, mechanical means and by means of mine detection dogs).
The removal operations focus on clearing minefields, road paths and infrastructure areas of high priority and humanitarian nature for the purpose of ensuring the rapid return of the population and the displaced from these areas and the implementation of service and investment projects that improve the reality of human and economic development.
2- Survey Division: It performs and supervises two types of survey (non-technical survey and technical survey).
Non-Technical Survey (NTS): The non-technical survey process is a thorough investigation of new or previously recorded hazardous areas. And that the non-technical survey process should be the starting point for the registration of hazardous areas and confirmed dangerous areas. That a large number of suspicious areas were clear of danger when they were cleared. As a result, stakeholders are increasingly aware of the requirement to reduce (uncertainty) around these risky areas by using other methods of resource allocation with limited clearance. One method that can be used to remove doubt is through the process of collecting and analyzing existing and new information regarding a claim. Recording Ideally, through proper non-technical survey procedures in collecting primary information, only accurate and confirmed information is recorded in databases and technical survey or clearance operations can focus on precisely defined areas.
A non-technical survey, which forms part of a larger land release operation, can be a standalone activity in its own right but can also be integrated into a broader survey to complement the technical survey.
It conducts the non-technical survey process necessary to identify and gather basic information on new or existing hazardous areas, which in some ways have been identified through emergency survey situations, impact survey procedure, military records or through a tip from a person, in order to allow a decision to be made as to what It should be done as a next step in or in that area. Non-technical survey procedures include the following:
A- Clarifications regarding local views regarding the status of hazardous lands, or parts thereof.
b- Identify areas that require further investigation.
C- Determine the priorities of the tasks that require more support for mine affairs.
d- Marking the requirements for removing or clearing mines and explosive remnants of war.
e- Removing doubts related to parts of that area.
F- If there are dangerous areas, the non-technical survey process may lead to the cancellation of suspicion or suspicion.
Non-technical survey activities can be categorized by analyzing existing information and the few sites found through visits into a more detailed system of visits and meetings with a wide range of stakeholders.
Technical survey (TS): The information obtained from the technical survey should be summarized in a report called the survey report, which can be used for the purpose of determining technical characteristics in planning and management. The results of the technical survey can include marking the boundaries for the purpose of reducing the dangerous area and thus reducing the risk resulting from unintentional entry into the dangerous areas, and this process is considered as part of a comprehensive program for awareness of the dangers of mines. In the event that it is not possible to carry out the cleaning immediately after the survey, permanent markers must be placed. The Mine Action Department and the mine action organizations and companies look at the detailed information on known and suspected hazardous areas and other related documents, as well as the marking as all shown in this survey and consider it the first stage of the integrated survey and cleaning process. . The technical survey is described as an important part of the clean-up process, because it provides the information required to carry out safe, effective and accurate cleaning. Choosing a site from a series of priorities and priorities for dangerous areas. The information obtained from the technical survey will be used to determine the technical aspects in the planning and management of the post-cleaning objective. The idea here is for the technical survey teams to work in front of the cleanup teams and this allows the mine action program to determine the cleanup requirements, plan future operations and prepare work programmes. This will ensure that cleaning materials are used in a more productive, accurate and effective way and that the correct materials are used to deal with each problem.
3- Quality Assurance Division QA: The work of monitoring and supervising mine affairs operations can be achieved through the process of monitoring the implementing agencies for mine affairs before and during the implementation of these operations and through monitoring and examining liberated, cleared or cleaned lands before they are formally handed over to the beneficiary, and the form and extent The content of this monitoring is an advanced work, but at the end of the process it will lead to verifying that the parties implementing the mine action are implementing their agreed-upon administrative and technical operations in a way that will lead to a result, which is the accurate implementation of the clearance process that is effective and sound for the land. Basically, the monitoring process is carried out internally by the implementing agencies. concerned and externally by the Department of Mine Action or by contractors on behalf of the Department and its delegates who are chosen by the Department or the beneficiaries.
4- Quality Control Division QC: The aim of the Quality Control work is to provide confidence and a nationally compatible framework for the implementation of the QC control system as part of the clearance process of mines and war remnants to enhance culture, as the mine action community strives to achieve this goal through the preparation and application of procedures for the use of safe equipment And the most effective and efficient, and the beneficiaries of the demining activities program for humanitarian and commercial purposes must be confident that the cleared area is safe for their use through very high levels of quality, and that the results of sampling are greatly affected by the method of selecting the sample, so it is required to take accurate sampling procedures And methods for examination in cleared lands, and this is done through a random sampling plan.
5- Standards Division: National standards are updated and revised based on international standards and the mechanism for implementing the measures taken by the executive authorities is followed up in a manner consistent with the reality of pollution, methods and capabilities available, provided that it achieves the required level of safety measures and uses all capabilities for the purpose of applying them